1) (fl. 5th cent, BCE)
   Israelite false prophet. During the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem, Shemaiah was hired by Tobiah and Sanballat to persuade Nehemiah to hide from his enemies in the Temple; their plan was to expose him as an irreligious coward (Nehemiah 6:10), but Nehemiah saw through Shemaiah and refused to follow his advice.
   2) (fl. 1st cent BCE)
   Palestinian rabbi. He was head of the Sanhedrin in Palestine. He and Avtalyon were the fourth of the zugot.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • SHEMAIAH — (Heb. שְׁמַעְיָהוּ, שְׁמַעְיָה), a prophet in the days of Solomon s son, Rehoboam king of Judah (I Kings 12:22–24 and the parallel passage in II Chron. 11:2–4; 12:5–8, 15). Shemaiah is associated with two events, one at the beginning of, the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SHEMAIAH — (late first century B.C.E.), the colleague of avtalyon (see zugot ). In talmudic sources they are usually mentioned together. They are described as having taught in the same bet midrash (Yoma 35b), cooperating in an exemplary fashion. Like… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemaiah — Sh maya is a Hebrew from shem and aya : Sky, figuratively, the height or farthest extent of anything. From the particle shem, deriving from the ancient Semitic root ShM name, light, sound, vibration, atmosphere. The aya ending indicates that it… …   Wikipedia

  • SHEMAIAH OF TROYES — (11th century), French scholar. Shemaiah was one of rashi s closest pupils and appears to have been the father in law of Rashi s grandson, samuel b. meir . Shemaiah helped Rashi edit his responsa and afterward collected and assembled them from… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemaiah of Soissons — was a Jewish scholar of the 12th century, a pupil of Rashi. He was the author of the following works: * Sodot or Midrash, notes on the construction of the Tabernacle as described in Ex. xxv. xxvi. It was edited on the basis of the Munich… …   Wikipedia

  • Shemaiah (prophet) — Shemaiah was a prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (I Kings 12:22 24). He is venerated as a saint in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church on January 9. He is best known for two events: * Preventing Rehoboam from war with Jeroboam 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Shemaiah — noun a) One of several people in the Tanakh, and Christian Old Testament: b) A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:22 24) …   Wiktionary

  • Shemaiah —    Whom Jehovah heard.    1) A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:22 24).    2) Neh. 3:29.    3) A Simeonite (1 Chr. 4:37).    4) A priest (Neh. 12:42).    5) A Levite (1 Chr. 9:16).    6) 1 Chr. 9:14; Neh. 11:15.    7) A Levite in the… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Book of Shemaiah the Prophet — The Book of Shemaiah the Prophet is one of the lost books of the Old Testament. It was probably written by the Biblical Prophet Shemaiah, who lived at the time of Rehoboam. The book is described at bibleverse|2|Chronicles|12:15|HE. The passage… …   Wikipedia

  • ELIJAH BEN SHEMAIAH — (fl. 11th century), liturgical poet in Bari, southern Italy. He was one of the most prolific poets of the Italian school. He composed about 40 seliḥot, most of them strophic, which have remained in manuscripts and old editions; some were included …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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